A urologist specializes in treating diseases related to the urinary tract. Since the prostate is located in the urinary tract, the urologist plays a key role in treating men with prostate cancer. The urologist will be by your side from diagnosis through treatment, performing surgery or prescribing medications.

Medical Oncologist

A medical oncologist is trained to diagnose, stage, and treat cancer. They are typically the next line of defense after the urologist. A medical oncologist is able to give a variety of treatments designed to fight cancer anywhere in the body.

Surgical Oncologist

A surgical oncologist uses surgery to remove tumors. They may be specialized in treating one or more types of cancer that happen in a specific organ or specific region of the body.

Radiation Oncologist

A radiation oncologist specializes in using radiation to treat prostate cancer. Radiation may be used to stop the spread of the disease or relieve pain associated with cancer.

Nuclear Medicine Specialist

These specialists give treatment that emits radiation to identify cancer. After the treatment travels throughout the body, they use scanners to find these molecules, revealing the location of tumors. They also administer certain kinds of prostate cancer therapies, such as localized radiation therapy or radiopharmaceuticals.



Pathologists are trained to diagnose disease in prostate tissue samples (also known as a biopsy). Using a microscope, they can identify cancer cells and assign a grade to classify the severity of the disease. It usually takes a few days to receive results.


Radiologists use a variety of medical devices, such as x-rays, CAT scans (CTs), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and ultrasounds to examine the prostate and find tumors. Their findings can help determine the status of the disease and the appropriate treatment approach.


Oncology Nurse

You may come in contact with an oncology nurse in a variety of settings, including a hospital, private practice, or radiation facility. An oncology nurse can review your medical history, monitor your physical and emotional status, and act as a link between you and the doctor.

Nurse Practitioner

You may meet these nurses who work with physicians and other members of the team to create and use treatment plans that work well for patients and their families. They can order and prescribe medicines, order diagnostic tests, and provide follow-up care over a long period of time.

Clinical Nurse Specialist

You may encounter this kind of nurse with an advanced education in nursing. These nurses provide support in the management of patients with complex needs, such as bedside care. They also provide support for patients and their families and mentor fellow staff.

Medical Physicist

The medical physicist works with radiation oncologists to ensure that each patient receives the right dose of their medication. They may also perform quality control on radiation equipment.

Physician Assistant

Supervised by a doctor, the physician assistant can perform a variety of services and procedures, and help patients better understand their cancer and treatments.



A nutritionist, also known as a dietitian, can help you choose the foods that can help improve your overall well-being and strength. Some dietary plans can even help with certain side effects of treatment.

Social Worker

A social worker provides a range of counseling and support services. They are there to lend a hand when you face issues related to your cancer.


A psychiatrist is a doctor who treats depression and anxiety, commonly found in patients living with cancer. They are qualified to help patients adjust to life during and after cancer, and can prescribe medicines when necessary.

Physical Therapist

A physical therapist helps men with prostate cancer restore or maintain strength, mobility, and physical control. They can also help you deal with side effects of treatment.


A pharmacist is responsible for making sure you get the right medicine. He or she can offer treatment advice and answer any questions you may have, including how the medicine is taken and what side effects may occur.


Some skilled professionals treat cancer or help relieve its symptoms in many other ways. Their methods may include holistic medicine (herbs, vitamins, etc) and acupuncture for pain management. Talk to your doctor about whether any of these additional types of treatments may be right for you.


Which types of resources have you used to help make a treatment decision for you or a loved one? Select all that apply.